Each of the following questions is followed by four answers. Select the correct answer in each case.
(2) Three resistors of resistance R each are combined in various ways. Which of the following cannot be obtained?
Answer: Correct option is (b).
Solution: We try various combinations and find which of the options is not possible.
(i) All resistors in series. It gives equivalent resistance, Req = R+R+R = 3R.
It is option (a).
(ii) All resistors in parallel.
This is option (c).
(iii) Two resistors in parallel and one in series. Equivalent resistance of parallel resistors is
Equivalent resistance of the whole circuit is, then
It is not included in the given options.
(iv) Two resistors in series, one in parallel.
Equivalent resistance of series resistors is R + R = 2R
Equivalent resistance of the circuit
This is option d. Therefore, (b) is the correct option.
(3) Calculate current in 2 Ω resistance.
(a) 1 A (b) 1.29 A (c) 0.73 A (d) 1.43 A
Equivalent resistance of the 3 parallel resistors is
This resistance is now in series with the remaining 2 resistors. Therefore, equivalent resistance of the circuit
Apply Ohm’s law to find current in the circuit.
Similarly, potential drop across A and B is
Therefore, current in 2 Ω resistor is
(4) 106 electrons are moving through a wire per second. The current developed is
(a) 1.6 * 10-19 A (b) 1 A (c) 1.6 * 10-13 A (d) 106 A
Current is the flow of charge per second and one electron bears 1.6 * 10-19 C of charge. Thus 106 electron have a charge = 1.6 * 10-19 * 106 = 1.6 * 10-19+6 = 1.6 * 10-13 C of charge. As this much charge flows in one second, therefore, it is the current developed.
(5) When a wire is stretched and its radius becomes r/2, then its resistance will be
(a) 16 R (b) 4 R (c) 2 R (d) 0
When a wire is stretched, its length increases and cross-sectional area decreases. In the given problem the wire is stretched to the extent that its radius becomes half of the original radius of the wire. With the decrease in the radius, the cross-sectional area of the wire also decreases. Let original radius of the cross-sectional area A of the wire is ‘r’. Therefore area of the cross-section is A =πr2
Let its resistance is R, then
Now when the wire is stretched and the radius becomes r/2, then its cross-sectional area is
Therefore, its resistance will be
(By putting the value of R from equation 1).
(6) A wire of uniform cross-section A, length L and resistance R is cut into two equal parts. The resistivity of each part will be
(a) Doubled (b) halved (c) remains the same (d) one fourth
Explanation: Resistivity of a conductor is defined as the resistance of unit cube of the conductor. It remains same at a particular temperature irrespective of the length of the conductor. So resistivity is different from resistance.
(7) The resistivity of two wires is ρ1 and ρ2 which are connected in series. If their dimensions are same then the equivalent resistivity of the combination will be
Explanation: Equivalent resistivity of the conductors in the problem will be equal to the average of the resistivity of the conductors which is given in option (c).
(8) The power (See electric power in Urdu) of two electric bulbs are 100 W and 200 W which are connected to the power supply of 220 V. The ratio of the resistances of their filaments will be
(a) 1:2 (b) 2:1 (c) 1:3 (d) 4:3
Try to solve it.
Hint: Use formula, Power = P = VI and find currents I1 and I2 in the two bulbs. Then find the resistances of the bulbs R1 and R2 by using the formula R = V/I. Find R1/R2. It should be 2/1.
(9) Thermocouple is an arrangement of two different metals
(a) To convert heat energy into electrical energy (b) To produce more heat
(c) To convert heat energy into chemical energy (d) To convert electric energy into heat energy.
Explanation: See theory of thermocouple (Question 8, comprehensive questions).